The Supreme Court and the Rule of Law

I should like to approach this afternoon’s subject along two lines. On the one hand, I propose to develop the subject in terms of the Supreme Court’s contribution to our understanding of the Rule of Law, and, on the other hand, I propose to look at the Supreme Court as a governmental institution subject to the Rule of Law. In short, I propose to discuss the Supreme Court both as an instrumentality for the development of the American concept of the Rule of Law and as an institution governed by the Rule of Law. Needless to say, these two approaches are not mutually exclusive since the framework of limitations and principles within which the Court operates necessarily determines its positive contribution to the Rule of Law in our constitutional order.