Some Reflections on the State Taxation of a Nonresident’s Personal Income

My purpose here is fourfold: first, to inquire into the theoretical and constitutional underpinning of Vermont’s taxing scheme against the background of the case that challenged the validity of the levy; second, to analyze the impact of related legislation on the principles upon which the basic Vermont formula was constructed; third, to determine whether there are reasons of law or policy why other states should not adopt schemes similar to Vermont’s; and, fourth, to consider in light of the foregoing some of the recurring problems concerning the treatment of nonresidents under state income tax statutes.