Net Operating Loss Sustained by Taxpayer Prior to Marriage Cannot Be Applied Subsequently Against Spouse’s Income- Calvin v. United States

Prior to marriage, plaintiff-wife sustained net operating losses which she was entitled to carry over under section 172 of the Internal Revenue Code. For the year 1959, the plaintiffs filed a joint return in which they applied the wife’s net operating loss carryover deduction to both of their incomes. The Commissioner allowed the loss carryover to be applied to the wife’s but not to the husband’s income. In a suit for refund of taxes withheld from the husband’s wages, held, judgment for defendant. If a husband and wife elect to file a joint return, net operating losses sustained by the wife prior to marriage may be applied against her subsequent income but not against the income of her husband.